Florida Nuisance Trappers 24/7
Florida Nuisance Trappers
is a full-service wildlife control company serving Brevard and Indian River and the surrounding area. We specialize in urban and suburban wildlife damage management for both residential and commercial customers. We handle nearly all aspects of wildlife control, and resolve conflicts between people and wildlife in a humane and professional manner. For Brevard and Indian River pest control of wildlife, just give us a call at 321-652-7238, and we will discuss your wildlife problem and schedule an appointment to solve it. We look forward to hearing from you.
◦ Pest Removal
◦ Rodent Exclusions
◦ Skunk Removal & Skunk Control
◦ Wildlife Removal & Wildlife Control
◦ opossum Removal & Opossum Control
◦ Rat Proofing
◦ Armadillo Removal & Armadillo Control
◦ Raccoon Removal & Raccoon Control
◦ Squirrel Removal & Squirrel Control
◦ Duck Removal
◦ Reptile Removal
◦ Pigeon Removal
◦ Dead Animal Removal
◦ Critter Removal & Critter Control
We also specialize in the removal of feces and sanitation of any area where it has been contaminated.
Raccoons sometimes get into scraps with cats:and they may occasionally prey on small animals housed outside, such as chickens and rabbits.
When no other food is available, raccoons might even prey upon kittens and small cats, but other times, they can be seen eating side by side when cats are fed outdoors.
Feeding pets outside is probably the most common reason that raccoons come into contact with them.
Fight or flight
Healthy raccoons are unlikely to pick a fight with a dog, but dogs sometimes chase raccoons. Sick or injured raccoons, cornered mothers protecting their young, and orphaned baby raccoons are most likely to be victims of dog attacks. If caught by a dog, a raccoon may fight back to defend herself, and both the dog and raccoon can be injured.
There are a few commercial chemical repellents available to repel various forms of wildlife, but none have been effective for raccoons. Mothballs, blood meal, and a wide variety of other home remedies have been tried, also to no avail as raccoons are quick to adapt.
Other Control Methods
Dogs kept outdoors may alert you to the presence of raccoons and may frighten some away; however, some raccoons will attack dogs and cause serious injuries. Since they are usually active at night when they are most difficult to see, shooting is rarely the solution to nuisance raccoons, even in rural areas where shooting is legal. For the average homeowner, unfamiliar with trapping raccoons, it is advisable to hire a professional wildlife control operator to remove the animal. The professional will have the proper equipment to accomplish the task and will be able to tell if a trapped female is nursing its young. This is very important because you don’t want to leave young behind to starve. The professional will also have the means to euthanize the animals, since releasing them elsewhere is prohibited by law. Released animals may return or present a problem to someone else and, in fact, the animal you have trapped may have been deliberately released near you. Release of animals is a major factor in the dissemination of numerous diseases to other animals.
There are various approaches to resolving raccoon problems. In some communities the situation has become so severe that it is beyond the ability of the individual homeowner to solve the problem. In these instances, a community effort may be the only effective solution. City parks, green belts, golf courses, and highway and street plantings may serve as reservoirs for raccoons by providing them with den sites and travel routes. Storm drains and street and road culverts are commonly used as dens. Since these areas are under the control or management of the city, it is often imperative that the city be involved in finding solutions. The city can also invoke and enforce a ban on feeding raccoons. The city can also do much to educate the public on the best ways to handle an area-wide urban raccoon problem and discourage individuals from live trapping and relocating animals, which only exacerbates the problem.
Raccoons in the garden may be observed at night or they may come up to a sliding glass door and peer inside. Evidence of feeding, tracks, and droppings may provide clues to their visits. Of course, noises on the roof, in the chimney, or in the attic let you know of their presence. An occasional visit by a raccoon or a family of raccoons may not be a cause for major concern, but if these visits become commonplace and raccoons are also climbing on your roof, some action is probably warranted.
Raccoons are omnivores and will eat plants and other animals, including fruits, berries, nuts, fish, frogs, insects, turtles, mice, rabbits, muskrats and bird eggs. Raccoons usually have one litter per year, which is usually born in late spring or early summer. One litter may contain between three and five young. Raccoons can live as long as 12 years in the wild. Raccoons do not hibernate, but they do live in dens and become inactive during severe winter weather.
Raccoons prefer to live in forested areas near a water source. Although commonly found in association with water and trees, raccoons can be found around farmsteads and livestock watering areas. Raccoons den in hollow trees, ground burrows, brush piles, muskrat houses, barns and abandoned buildings, dense clumps of cattail, haystacks, or rock crevices.
Raccoons are a major host of rabies in the U.S., especially in the eastern part of the country where their populations are increasing. They can also cause property damage around homes and outbuildings, especially when they try to enter homes through attics or chimneys, which they are also known to use as denning sites. In some cases, raccoons have torn off shingles or boards to gain access to an attic or wall space. Raccoons often raid garbage cans in search of food, and sometimes kill poultry, destroy bird nests, and damage gardens or crops.
Have you had wildlife in your Attic?
Wildlife can cause major damage and the fecal matter and urine left behind often requires the removal of all the insulation. Florida Nuisance Trappers has the ability to safely remove, decontaminate and then re-insulate to code or better.
Florida Nuisance Trappers is the answer to all of your nuisance wildlife problems.Our animal removal and trapping services include squirrel removal, raccoon trapping, bird prevention and removal, snake removal, skunk trapping and odor control and many others. If you have a wildlife issue we can take care of it for you.
Our Animal Control Professionals know how to get rid of wildlife and offer solutions to keep wild animals out of your home or business. We have a full range of home repair services to fix animal damage and can install animal exclusion devices to prevent future animal infestations. We at Florida Nuisance Trappers always give a Warranty on all work we perform.
LIVE TRAPPING AND REMOVAL OF WILDLIFE
Bats, Beavers, Birds, Bobcats, Chipmunks, Coyotes, Flying Squirrels, Foxes, Ground Hogs, Mice, Moles, Opossums, Raccoons, Rats, Snakes, Squirrels, Skunks, Stray Animals, Etc.
DEAD ANIMAL REMOVAL AND ODOR CONTROL
Along with the removal of dead animals, we will disinfect and treat any unpleasant odor. This includes skunk spray.
REPAIRS AND EXCLUSIONS
After the animals have been removed and relocated , a second inspection will be done to ensure no animals remain. Entry points will then be repaired by Florida Nuisance Trappers to ensure the animals do not return. All damages done to the interior and exterior of the home will be cleaned and treated. All repairs are backed by a guarantee so you can rest assured that your problem has been effectively solved.
Raccoons: Dealing with
As raccoons find their natural environment shrinking daily, their interaction with humans increases. They have adapted to sharing their environment with humans. When they take up residence in your home, destroy your garden, or rummage through your trash cans remember that they are just looking for food or a place to live - they don't deserve to be killed for such actions. Education and compassion is the key to co-existence with raccoons. There are ways to prevent raccoons from being pests without exterminating them. The pages below offer some tips on dealing with common raccoon problems.
Nature's bandit, raccoons become a nuisance when they find a food source near homes or buildings. Wild raccoons which are fed, or find a food source near humans, will lose their fear and move close to the new source. Raccoons often live in attics or outbuildings. These animals are also subject to rabies outbreaks and should only be handled by trained personnel. Florida law prohibits the feeding of raccoons, and they should never be approached for any reason. If you are Having Problem with Raccoons, give Florida Nuisance Trappers a call Today!
General Raccoon Facts:
Scientific Name: Procyonlotor Average Size: 12" tall; 24 - 38" long; 14-23 lbs. Average Lifespan in the Wild: 2-3 year Identifying Features: Gray fur with a black mask and 4 - 7 black rings around its tail; pointy snout with a black nose; dexterous front paws
Any direct contact with a wild animal needs to be taken seriously even if an animal appears to be healthy. Rabies incubate in a raccoon for some time before symptoms appear. Many symptoms of distemper in raccoons, which is NOT transmittable to humans and is still far more prevalent than rabies in raccoons, are very similar to the symptoms of rabies. Unfortunately the only way to guarantee that the raccoon does not have rabies, is for it to be killed for testing. Even if it is a little baby raccoon. Depending upon your area, it may be illegal not only to have a raccoon but to not report any possible risk of exposure to rabies from a raccoon. Don't let a perfectly healthly animal lose it's life because of you. The best way to protect wildlife is to leave it in the wild and leave it alone. The best way to protect yourself, your family and your pets from all strains of rabies is to have your pets vaccinated, keep away from stray or wild animals, and call your doctor if you think you may have been in contact with a rabid animal.
Raccoon Living Habitats:
Traditionally, raccoons prefer heavily wooded areas with access to trees, water and abundant vegetation. There, they make their dens in the hollow parts of trees and abandoned burrows, traveling up to 18 miles to forage for food.
Raccoons are extremely adaptable. They are often found in suburban and urban areas, making their homes in man-made structures like attics, sewers, barns and sheds. In urban areas, raccoons tend to stay closer to their dens with a range of only about 1 mile, depending on the raccoon's age and sex.
Raccoons are omnivores with an opportunistic diet, eating almost anything they can get their paws on. In urban areas, where wildlife and fresh vegetation are limited, raccoons will be more likely to eat human food and invade trash cans. The majority of their diet consists of sweet foods like fruits and invertebrates.
Activity: Nocturnal in nature, raccoons are mostly active at nighttime. They are most active in spring, summer and fall, and will sleep in their dens for most of the winter.
Reproduction: Reproduction begins in late winter. Females, or sows, usually give birth to 1 - 6 baby kits in April or May. Mothers are very protective of their young until they separate after about a year.
Social Interaction: Raccoons are independent after 12 - 14 months of age. Adults live in loose knit communities of 4 - 5 raccoons for better protection against predators.
Communication: Raccoons communicate with each other using over 200 different sounds and 12 - 15 different calls.
Skills: Raccoons possess amazing dexterity that allows them to open doors, jars, bottles and latches. They are also great climbers, which allows them to better access food and shelter.
Raccoon Removal & Control of Brevard & Indian River
Florida Nuisance Trappers will come to your home or your property and safely remove all of your raccoon problems!
NUISANCE CONCERNS: Raccoons are one of the most commonly dealt with nuisance animals. They have adapted to living with humans. They have learned that garbage cans and dumpsters are excellent sources of food, and that houses are excellent habitat. A mother raccoon will often tear a hole in a roof to access an attic, where they will make quite a mess and a lot of noise. If you have a raccoon in the attic, it's going to make a big mess and leave a lot of droppings. They are strong animals, and once inside an attic, they often tear off insulation paper, rip open ducts, tear insulation off pipes, etc. They will search hard for food, and are fond of tipping over trash cans, raiding dumpsters, and stealing pet food. They will often break into a screened-in porch to get pet food. They carry a number of parasites and diseases that can affect people or pets.
RACCOON DISEASES: They are a common carrier of rabies, a potentially fatal disease. They also carry canine distemper, which can kill your dog. Their feces may contain raccoon roundworm, the spores of which humans can breath in and become seriously infected by, so it is important to capture raccoons using human habitat.
RACCOON BEHAVIOR: They are very common animals, particularly in urban areas. They are well adapted for survival in cities. They are excellent climbers, and they have very nimble hands. They are also strong, and they often explore, tearing new areas open in search of food and shelter. They like to den in trees, but they love to den in attics.
Did you Know? List of Facts about the Raccoon:
Facts are statements which are held to be true and often contrasted with opinions and beliefs. Our unusual and interesting facts about the Raccoon, trivia and information, including some useful statistics about animals will fascinate everyone from kids and children to adults. Interesting Facts about the Raccoon are as follows:
◦ Fact 1 - Definition: The raccoon is a North American nocturnal carnivore (of the genus Procyon lotor) closely related to the bears, but much smaller. It has a long, full tail, banded with black and gray. Its body is gray, varied with black and white. It has a mask-like marking around the eyes and a striped tail. The raccoon is often referred to as a 'coon'.
◦ Fact 2 - The coon's face has a unique shape, tapering down to a pointed like muzzle
◦ Fact 3 - Raccoons love water
◦ Fact 4 - Raccoons have distinctive black patches around their eyes that look like a mask
◦ Fact 5 - They are nocturnal animals
◦ Fact 6 - Young groups of raccoons are called kits
◦ Fact 7 - The Raccoon has a large array of sounds. They purr, whistle, growl, hiss, scream and whinny
◦ Fact 8 - Raccoon stats and facts
◦ Weight: Up to 46lb
◦ Height: 41 to 72 cm (excluding tail)
◦ Habitat: Wilderness and populated areas
◦ Lifespan: 10 years on average in wild
◦ Diet: the Raccoon eat fruits, nuts, insects, reptiles, garbage and crops
◦ Fact 9 - The Raccoon is noted for their intelligence and good memory
◦ Fact 10 - Their front paws are protected by a thin horny layer
◦ Fact 11 - Raccoons usually mate between late January and mid-March
◦ Fact 12 - They will produce one litter per year with an average of four or five kits
◦ Fact 13 - Raccoons have very manipulative paws, which means they can cause damage to property as they can even open door latches
◦ Fact 14 - Raccoon rabies is rare but it can be spread to farm animals, pets and people through the saliva of an infected animal
◦ Fact 15 - The collective name for a group is a nursery or gaze
◦ Fact 16 - Males are called Boar
◦ Fact 17 - Females are called Sow
◦ Fact 18 - The names given to babies are cubs or kits
◦ Fact 19 - Raccoon feces are commonly infected with a roundworm
◦ Fact 20 - Scientific Names / Classification - The scientists who study animals (zoology) are called zoologists. Each animal that is studied is classified, that is, split into descriptive groups starting with main groups (vertebrates and invertebrates) the Families of animals are also included and the families are then split into species. These various scientific facts about the racoon are as follows:
◦ Kingdom: Animalia
Species: P. lotor
More Raccoon Facts:
- The coloring of raccoons can vary greatly, but the mask shaped area around the eyes is always a little darker than the rest of the coloring, giving the raccoon the look of a "bandit".
- Raccoons are very clean and use a common latrine in the wild.
- Raccoons can contract both feline and canine distemper, rabies, leptospirosis, salmonellosis, tuberculosis, coccidiosis, and toxoplasmosis. Parasites are: roundworm (Baylisascaris), tapeworm, flukes, and heartworms.
- Raccoons are mostly nocturnal creatures. Another myth about these animals says that if they are seen out in the daytime, they are most likely rabid. It is quite common, especially in the urban areas, for a very healthy animal to venture out during the daytime if it is hungry or its den has been destroyed. In many cases, mother raccoons that are nursing kits will be forced to search for food sources night and day. If an animal is behaving normally in the daytime, it is probably not rabid and should be left alone.
- Raccoons are very good climbers and are also one of the few mammals that can descend vertical tree trunks head first. Besides this, they also have very good swimming abilities and can easily cross lakes and rivers but they only venture into deep water as an escape route from trouble.
- Although the animal is considered to be the primary rabies carrier in the mid-Atlantic region, a coon has never, in medical history, been implicated in a human case. Raccoons are the most common carriers of rabies in the United States, especially in the east.
- Raccoons do not hibernate, but remain inactive for long periods during severe winter weather.
- Raccoons use their hands to pick grapes and berries very much like a human would.
- Raccoons are solitary animals, they get in contact with other raccoons only during breeding season.
Raccoons are the normal host for the parasitic nematode or roundworm known as Baylisascaris procyonis. It is the common large roundworm found in the small intestines of raccoons. Cotton rats are believed to be a possible intermediate host. Adult raccoons are susceptible only to larvae from rodent tissue while young raccoons are susceptible to infection by egg ingestion where larva hatches in small intestine with migration apparently limited to wall of small intestine. This roundworm is zoonotic, meaning it can pass from animal to animal (or human). In the raccoon, these worms normally produce no symptoms in the infected host raccoon, other than possibly intestinal obstruction, and apparently do little or no harm to adult raccoons. In the Midwest, prevalence is 70% for adult and 99% for baby raccoons according to the University of Missouri College of Veterinary Medicine. Adult worms measure 15 to 20 cm in length and 1 cm in width, tan-white in color, cylindrical and tapered at both ends. The eggs are ovoid, brown, with finely pitted outer shell, measure 70 x 55 microns and are passed in one-cell stage. The eggs embryonate into larva outside of host.
The disease is spread through the eggs contained in the feces of an infected raccoon, by ingesting either raccoon feces or things that have been in contact with raccoon feces. Adult female roundworms produce thousands to millions of eggs per day. After the eggs are shed in feces, they embryonate into a larval stage in about 3-4 weeks. They remain viable in the environment for months to over 5-6 years. When ingested, the larva migrate and reach lengths of 1.5 to 2.0 mm.
Signs and Symptoms:
Clinical and pathological symptoms occur when an abnormal host (an animal other than the raccoon) becomes infected. It can cause a very rare disease called visceral larva migrans (VLM) in humans and other animals, as well as ocular larva migrans (OLM) and neural larva migrans (NLM). If ingested by an abnormal host, the eggs penetrate the small intestine (which they apparently do not do in raccoons) and undergo an aberrant migration through the body. The eggs hatch, and the larvae migrate to the brain, eyes and other organs. The parasite has been implicated in cases of serious eye disease or central nervous system disorders and infection can cause death or paralysis depending on the location in the body and number of worms.
Human toxocarosis via pets vs. Baylisascaris:
It should be noted that visceral larva migrans and ocular larva migrans in humans (and other animals) can also be caused by feces of other animals - most notably pet dogs and cats. Human infection with the toxiocaris larvae of canine or feline roundworms is known collectively as toxocariasis. All cases of toxocariasis come from pets, according to the Texas Dept. of Health, Div. of Zoonosis Control, which states an estimated 10,000 new cases of roundworm infection occur in children every year, most often as a result of eating dirt contaminated with animal feces. Most human infections are mild enough to go unnoticed and apparently produce no permanent damage. However sometimes infection results in severe and even fatal disease. Common symptoms include abdominal pain, headache, weakness, lethargy and wheezing. Due to the public health significance, it is important to distinguish Baylisascaris from Toxocara. Not to minimize the risk, but in many states raccoons are being systematically euthanized because of the panic over perceived danger of transmission of the raccoon roundworm to humans as a result of two documented cases (one a fatality) to date, including a case in 1998 where a child in Pacific Grove, California was infected by eating bark on firewood that had been contaminated by raccoon feces. Over 177 local wild raccoons were systematically executed before a lawsuit by the City's concerned citizens brought the killings to a halt. Eradication of raccoons will not prevent the very rare disease visceral larva migrans in humans. However, education and some common sense might.
Contact with wild raccoons or exposure to their feces should be avoided. Hunters, trappers, and wildlife rehabilitators should wash their hands after handling raccoons. Wild raccoons should be discouraged from inhabiting buildings or other areas used by humans. Prevention also consists of never touching or inhaling raccoon feces, using rubber gloves and a mask when cleaning cages (or attics, etc.) which have been occupied by raccoons, burying or burning all feces, keeping children and pets away from raccoon cages and enclosures, and disinfecting cages and enclosures between litters. All cages and nest boxes used for housing raccoons should not be used for any other animals. They should remain strictly for raccoon use. Do frequent fecal screens on all raccoons in your possession. If positive, your wildlife vet may recommend de-worming your raccoon via treatment with an anthelmintic such as Panacur (brand of Fenbendazole) at .1 cc per pound of body weight each week until release or other accepted treatment. Remember that raccoons may have fecal matter on their paws and bodies and take appropriate safeguards. As a precaution, all my raccoons when taken into rehab receive de-worming under our vet's supervision. And, in order to guard against Human toxocariasis, have all pets (dogs and cats particularly) de-wormed under a vet's supervision and take the same precautions with their feces.
While there is no known treatment for VLM or NLM, there are several drugs that can treat the parasite in raccoons. They include piperazine, pyrantel pamoate, or fenbendazole. Following is an abstract from a study testing the efficacy of six anthelmintics against luminal stages of Baylisascaris procyonis in naturally infected raccoons (Procyon lotor) [JOURNAL. Bauer, C; Gey, A. Veterinary Parasitology, v.60, n.1-2, 1995:155-159] "Abstract: The efficacy of six anthelmintics against natural infections of Baylisascaris procyonis in raccoons (n = 7 per drug) was determined in a series of critical tests. The drugs were given via moist cat food as a single dose or once daily for three consecutive days. Raccoons treated with pyrantel embonate (1 times 20 mg base kg-1 bodyweight (bwt.)), ivermectin (1 times 1 mg kg-1 bwt.), moxidectin (1 times 1 mg kg-1 bwt.), albendazole (3 times 50 mg kg-1 bwt.), fenbendazole (3 times 50 mg kg-1 bwt.) or flubendazole (3 times 22 mg kg-1 bwt.) expelled 1-198, 2-24, 2-14, 3-80, 2-70, or 2-35 B. procyonis stages, respectively, within the faeces. No roundworm was detected in any raccoon at post mortem examinations 7 days after the end of treatment. These results suggest that any of the six anthelmintics can be used at the dose rates tested in a deworming programme for captive raccoons."
Conclusion and Opinion:
When it comes to Baylisascaris procyonis, prevention and common sense should be used. Attempts to eradicate raccoon populations will not eradicate the problem and, particularly if the cotton rat is an intermediate host, may only compound it by removing a natural predator of the cotton rat. Further, it may upset the balance of nature, causing an unnatural increase in the skunk population, a reservoir of the non-raccoon strain of rabies, by removing a natural predator of baby skunks. All animals (human, domestic and wild) harbor parasites that can be transmitted to each other. Instead of panicking over a real but very rare danger, learn how to minimze the risks of transmission. And don't eat any poop.
Raccoon Removal / Wildlife Removal / Animal Control / Bat Removal / Squirrel Removal / Armadillo Removal /Opossum Removal.